Investment planning is the process of identifying financial goals and converting them through building a plan. Investment planning is the main component of financial planning. The investment planning begins with identification of goals and objectives. Then we need to match those goals with our available financial resources. Nowadays there are many investment vehicles to invest in, most common being cash, equities, bonds and property. So according to the funds available we can invest in these vehicles to obtain our goals and objectives.
Benefits of Investment Planning:
The importance and benefits of investment planning are stated below:
Family Security: Investment planning is important from the point of view of family security. If anything happens to the working member in the family then the other members of the family will be financially secure by the investment.
Efficiently manage income: It is quite possible to efficiently manage the income and expenditure of person with an investment plan. Managing income helps the person to manage other expenditures, tax payments etc.
Financial Understanding: Investment planning helps in understanding about our current financial situation. It becomes easy for an individual to evaluate investment or retirement plan by having financial understanding.
Savings: One should invest in those investment vehicles which are highly liquid. Funds can be easily taken out from those investments in the case of emergency.
Standard of Living: The savings created by the investment is very useful in difficult times. For example, death of the working individual in the family affects the standard of living to a great extent. That time the investment made by the working person becomes useful source of income of the family.
Asset management is the practice of increasing total wealth over time by acquiring, maintaining, and trading investments that have the potential to grow in value. Asset management professionals perform this service for others. They may also be called portfolio managers or financial advisors. Many work independently while others work for an investment bank or other financial institution. Asset management has a double-barreled goal: increasing value while mitigating risk. That is, the client's tolerance for risk is the first question to be posed. A retiree living on the income from a portfolio, or a pension fund administrator overseeing retirement funds, is (or should be) risk-averse. A young person, or any adventurous person, might want to dabble in high-risk investments. Most of us are somewhere in the middle, and asset managers try to identify just where that is for a client. The asset manager's role is to determine what investments to make, or avoid, to realize the client's financial goals within the limits of the client's risk tolerance. The investments may include stocks, bonds, real estate, commodities, alternative investments, and mutual funds, among the better-known choices. The asset manager is expected to conduct rigorous research using both macro and microanalytical tools. This includes statistical analysis of prevailing market trends, reviews of corporate financial documents, and anything else that would aid in achieving the stated goal of client asset appreciation.
institutional management is the process of laying out plans and organizing available production resources to run a successful organization. Institutional management can also be called strategic financial management. Steps in institutional management generally include identifying the current situation, identifying the desired situation and determining the steps necessary to get there. The idea behind the process is to lay out a strategic plan that outlines concrete steps to maximize company success. This process can improve business by allowing an analytical view of how the business could best operate. Much of strategic management planning is analysis of the company and its environment. During analysis conducted while performing institutional management, an institutional manager may look at many aspects of the company, including the company's financial and human resources as well as the market conditions that might affect the success of the company. Institutional management in an existing company might also examine past operations to determine what was successful and what failed. Information about past business successes and failures can help management make educated plans for achieving company success.
Wealth management is more than just investment advice. It can encompass all parts of a person’s financial life. Instead of attempting to integrate pieces of advice and various products from multiple professionals, high net worth individuals may be more likely to benefit from an integrated approach. In this method, a wealth manager coordinates the services needed to manage their clients’ assets, along with creating a strategic plan for their current and future needs—whether it is will and trust services or business succession plans. Many wealth managers can provide services in any aspect of the financial field, but some choose to specialize in particular areas, such as cross-border wealth management. This may be based on the expertise of a specific wealth manager, or the primary focus of the business within which the wealth manager operates. In certain instances, a wealth management advisor may have to coordinate input from outside financial experts, as well as the client’s own service professionals (for example, an attorney or accountant) to craft the optimal strategy to benefit the client. Some wealth managers also provide banking services or advice on philanthropic activities.